In the past, the fastest growing technology in the world of web development was PHP. PHP stands for Pre Hypertext Processor. It is not going to vanish instantly, yet its positions are undermined considerably further by the incipient Node.js now a days.
At the point when the Internet blasted in the 2000s, PHP was the king. It was greatly popular, on the grounds that:
- It was an interpreted language different from C++ or Java which compile their source code before execution
- It had the capacity to be utilized specifically with HTML by embedding inside its syntax with a <%php … %> markup
- It had been used by cheap hosting providers as a default base language for their web servers like Apache servers to a Linux, Apache, Mysql and PHP (LAMP) stack
- It had a practical nature which is simpler to learn than object-oriented programming
- The other reason is that the PHP community is very vast and solutions for any technical problems can be easily found on internet, forums or blogs.
- It can work with any DBMS but MySql is the most popular database that is used in conjunction with PHP.
For the past few years, PHP and its applications are very vulnerable to security dangers (e.g., SQL injection), no package managers for larger projects with hundreds of dependencies, conflicting API and not very impressive performance. There are a lot of people move to better alternatives like Ruby on Rails and Django, however Node.js is the one that is adopted by most of the programmers for building small to large projects which solves almost all of the disadvantages of PHP.
Some of the reasons behind the popularity of Node.js are :
- Its non-blocking I/O component takes into account a finer execution
- Besides, once you’ve started to do work with node.js, you understand that there are a couple of cognitive obstacles to succeed. There is far less tortures for implementing client and server as both can be written in same language.
- Everything that has been constructed to help Node.js works with different parts extremely well.
- Magnificent documentation & excercise features
- Package Management via npm.
- It has utilized Github from the begin, which is far friendlier than similar playground
Since Node.js is an easier level innovation, it is not similar to complex schemas like Struts, Rails or Django straightforwardly.
This article helps those who are confused on “Which Tech Stack to use” or need more details on which is better among two most popular languages (Node.js and PHP), in terms of various features as below.
- Real-time applications
- Database applications
- Third-party services
- Web servers
Learning multiple languages for various purposes is irritating and distracts programmers from focusing on apps which takes more time, stress and outputs low quality code. With less languages to learn and flow to the stream is smoother and the code is better!
PHP - It has got recently “Composer” to manage modules or components with their dependencies. But these modules have to be searched on different websites and manually adding them to sub-folders to work them together which is not a genuine way.
Node.js - It accompanies a predominant and dependable package management system called NPM and its registry npmjs.org which is not difficult to utilize and distribute. Everything is regulated by means of the package.json file with version controlled locally. CLI tool with -g option can be used to make version control globally.
PHP - It is fully grown-up language with more frameworks, supports, developers and astonishing open-source projects like wordpress, huge amounts of free scripts, quality tools and books.
Node.js - It is growing quicker than any known languages. This is for the most part because of the reason of keeping modules minimal and performing just a little set of functions. Different factors are helping to grow node.js faster such as:
- Community Github open-source group focused on an awesome distributed version control system that makes developers help each other do task collaboratively
- Simplicity of NPM use, e.g., to distribute a NPM module
It’s vital to have rich tools and useful libraries available to us free. Building software applications could be a complex, time intensive procedure, however using a good framework can help you create apps quicker (by reusing basic segments and modules), and work better. You can focus more on to particular tasks and usefulness, and concentrate on scalable, high-quality code.
PHP - Laravel is the latest framework for PHP based on Object-oriented model with common tasks, such as authentication, routing, sessions and caching. It tries to make itself similar to node.js so that switching between PHP and node.js is easier for programmers. Other popular frameworks are CodeIgniter, Cakephp, Zend, Symphony, Yii and Slim.
Node.js - It has fewer frameworks as it is new in the ground of web world. The most popular framework is Express.js. Others are evolving and growing rapidly like Meteor and Derby.
PHP - For real-time apps, it is not the suitable candidate because of it’s dependency on a process per request. PHP is not built with persistent connections in mind. The problem of using websocket is due to the Apache and ISS server.
Node.js - Real-time applications building is super-easy task with Node.js stack of the Socket.io library, Express.js schema and Handlebars template engine. The MEAN stack (Mongo, Express, Angular, Node) is the perfect combination for building long-polling apps where as the LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) for static web application. The projects like Meteor and Derby further speeds up development of real-time apps by combining front and back-end code bases with the persistence layer which minimize the complexity significantly.
PHP - PHP has a long and productive history with conventional/social databases like Mysql, thus the name of the stack LAMP — Linux, Apache, Mysql and PHP.
Node.js - Node.js is characteristic with Nosql databases like Mongodb. It is a document database that provides high performance, high availability, and easy scalability.
Third-party Services and Web Servers
PHP - As is the situation with numerous conventional languages, PHP’s request is blocked ‘till the remote server has reacted, henceforth the requirement for multi-threading. For the web servers, MAMP (for Macs) and XAMPP (for windows) are popular. PHP can’t be run on its own. A standout amongst the most mainstream innovations utilized with PHP are Apache and nginx where PHP is simply a module of Apache web server.
Node.js - Actually, because of a non-blocking I/O, Node.js can deal with numerous requests and make various requests as a customer to an outsider services (e.g., Twitter, Amazon) with only one string of execution i.e. process. Node.js was made from ground for network applications and there are core modules for making web servers easily. It can also be run as a service on Linux (CentOS or Ubuntu) in production mode.
PHP - PHP is generally quick yet because of its bottleneck in the I/O, database and outsider services, it pitiably slow in comparison with Node.js and its super quick Goolge Chrome V8 engine.
Node.js - Node.js is super quick because of its non-blocking I/O component and Google Chrome V8 engine system which can handle millions of requests with very low CPU and memory footprints.